Some time ago, I gave a short presentation about the use of sound in engineering for the college of Medicine of Universidad San Francisco de Quito.
In this presentation, you find a brief overview of how we take sound into account when we design (buildings as well as pavements), and then I go deeper into the use of sound in bridge engineering. Sound is used for the inspection of bridges (non-destructive techniques) as well as for measurements during proofloading. I used the case of the Ruytenschildt bridge which we tested in The Netherlands last summer to illustrate how acoustic emission measurements work for proofloading.
You can find the slides of the presentation here: